Federal Recognition

Federal Recognition
by U.S. President Franklin Pierce
& U.S. Senate on March 25th, 1852

APACHE TREATY #261 OF 1852-3
Chief Mangus Coloradas signed a treaty with the U.S. Government in Santa Fe, New Mexico Territory on 1 July, 1852, which was ratified by the U.S. Senate and proclaimed by President Franklin Pierce on 25 March, 1853.
This was the only executed treaty between the United States and the Apache Indians.

Download the Treaty HERE 


Native American Tribal Enterprises

Texas Tech University: Recognition of land rights > CLICK HERE

International Common Law Investor Rights Document > Download HERE

Government of Canada Indigenous Services  > Click HERE

International Tribunal of Human Rights Abuses > Click HERE 

Western Historical Quarterly: Understanding Genocide in California > Click HERE

U.S. Embassy & Consulates in Canada: First Nations and Native Americans > Click HERE